Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development, Fukushima Research Insitute
JAEA-Review 2018-029, 51 Pages, 2019/03
Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development (Naraha Center) was established in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to promote decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Fukushima Daiichi NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). Naraha Center consists of a Full-scale Mock-up Test Building and a Research Management Building, and various test facilities are installed in them for the decommissioning work of Fukushima Daiichi NPS, TEPCO. Naraha Center provides the test facilities to various users, such as companies engaged in the decommissioning work, research and development institutions, educational institutions, and so on. Naraha Center started full operations on April 2016 as a base that can be widely used, and the number of the facility use was 64 in FY2017. This report summarizes the activities of Naraha Center in FY2017, such as utilization of facilities and equipment of Naraha Center, development of remote control technologies, maintenance of the remote control equipments for emergency response and training for operators by using the equipments.
Periez, R.*; Bezhenar, R.*; Brovchenko, I.*; Jung, K. T.*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Kim, K. O.*; Kobayashi, Takuya; Liptak, L.*; Maderich, V.*; Min, B. I.*; et al.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 198, p.50 - 63, 2019/03
A number of marine radionuclide dispersion models were applied to simulate Cs releases from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011 over the northwest Pacific. Simulations extended over two years and both direct releases into the ocean and deposition of atmospheric releases on the ocean surface were considered. Dispersion models included an embedded biological uptake model (BUM). Three types of BUMs were used: equilibrium, dynamic and allometric. Model results were compared with Cs measurements in water, sediment and biota. A reasonable agreement in model/model and model/data comparisons was obtained.
Futemma, Akira; Sanada, Yukihisa; Ishizaki, Azusa; Iwai, Takeyuki*; Seguchi, Eisaku; Matsunaga, Yuki*; Kawabata, Tomoki; Toyoda, Masayuki*; Tobita, Shinichiro*; Hiraga, Shogo*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2018-015, 120 Pages, 2019/02
By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the following tsunami on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive material was released from the NPS. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter was conducted around FDNPS. The results in the fiscal 2017 were summarized in this report. In addition, we developed and systemized the discrimination technique of the Rn-progenies. The accuracy of aerial radiation monitoring was evaluated by taking into consideration GPS data error.
Arakawa, Ryoki; Nosaki, Nobuhisa
JAEA-Technology 2018-013, 51 Pages, 2019/02
The Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development has various test facilities for the decommissioning work after the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, TEPCO Holdings, and is now promoting external use. In the test facilities, the robot test pool for the underwater robot can be used in different temperature conditions from room temperature to 60C, maximum setting temperature. In order to clarify the temperature behavior in heating condition, a heating test from room temperature to 60C was performed, and obtained the data. From the obtained temperature data, a heat transfer model for evaluating the temperature behavior was investigated, and the temperature evaluation method for the robot test pool was developed. This report summarizes the developed heat transfer model, and also summarizes the temperature evaluation method during heating and cooling conditions. Moreover, user's manual for the temperature evaluation code was also created.
JAEA-Research 2018-014, 27 Pages, 2019/02
Influence of ultrasonic irradiation on cesium (Cs) retention ability of biotite was examined in order to support of management of wastes generated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. Suspensions of Cs exchanged biotite were ultrasonically irradiated at three frequencies of 200, 430, and 950 kHz. The concentration of Cs in the aqueous phase increased, when the irradiation frequency of the ultrasonic is 430 kHz, compared with that without irradiation. This result means decrease of Cs retention ability of biotite. In addition, we observed two phenomena, that (i) the stability of suspension decreased after ultrasonic irradiation and (ii) the Cs concentration continued to increase after the irradiation. However, phenomena were hardly reproducible with a limited of experiments.
Shimada, Kazumasa; Sasaki, Toshihisa*; Iijima, Masashi*; Munakata, Masahiro
JAEA-Research 2018-012, 68 Pages, 2019/02
The external exposure dose of off-site emergency responders at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident were evaluated in order to consider a radiation protection of emergency responders. The maximum value of individual daily dose of emergency responders whose activities details were recorded from 12th to 31th March 2011 was 650 Sv engaged in evacuation support in Futaba Town on 12th. Next, atmospheric concentrations and deposition of radionuclides were calculated from the source terms estimated by previous studies using atmospheric diffusion and deposit calculation codes, and air dose rates at off-site were estimated. Then, the external exposure dose was calculated for 6 emergency responders whose daily activities and personal doses were continuously recorded. Furthermore, the maximum value and the average value of the calculation external dose of emergency responders in the activity area were compared with the measurement value of the personal dosimeter of them. These results showed that the calculated value of the external exposure dose of emergency responders calculated from the maximum value of the dose rate in the active area roughly includes the measured value.
Suzuki, Takashi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Kuwabara, Jun; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya
JAEA-Conf 2018-002, p.103 - 106, 2019/02
To investigate the dynamics of radionuclides in the ocean released by the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F), vertical distributions of I at three stations in the western North Pacific was revealed. The 1F accident-derived I existed within the mixed layer at 3 stations. The maximum layer of the 1F accident-derived I existed at the depth of 370 m - 470 m at the most southern station. Considering the dissolved oxygen concentration and the current velocity arround the station, the maximum layer of the 1F accident-derived I would be fromed that I which existed in the surface seawater at other area of observation point was carried to the depth of 370 m - 470 m by the fast downward flow.
Thwe, Thwe Aung; Terada, Atsuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro
JAEA-Technology 2018-012, 45 Pages, 2019/01
Under long-term storage of nuclear wastes including low- and high-level wastes, hydrogen can be spontaneously generated from corrosion of metal wastes and container wall itself, and from radiolysis of water in the waste. For the sake of hydrogen safety and the risk reduction of environmental contamination, we have started to investigate the behavior and characteristics of hydrogen combustion and explosion in waste vessel. In this report, we performed numerical simulation to investigate the characteristics of methane combustion by applying OpenFOAM. For combustion scenario, FireFoam solver with LES frame was used. As the results, the average temperature increased when the container height and inlet size increased. The simulation of gas diffusion by FireFoam results showed that helium diffused faster than hydrogen and methane. By XiFoame solver, the simulation was performed to obtain flame propagation radius for hydrogen-air premixed flame.
Arakawa, Ryoki; Nosaki, Nobuhisa; Hirata, Yuji*
JAEA-Technology 2018-009, 28 Pages, 2019/01
The Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development consists of a mock-up test building and a research management building, and various test facilities are installed in them for the decommissioning work after the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings. In the test facilities, the robot test pool for the underwater robot can be tested under temperature conditions raised from room temperature to 60C. Then, for the purpose of grasping the temperature distribution inside of the pool and the temperature rising behavior in temperature raising condition, a temperature heating test with room temperature to 60C. (maximum setting temperature) was performed, and as well as an analytical study was performed. This report summarizes the obtained both experimental and analytical studies.
Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu*; Ochi, Kotaro; Yuki, Yoichi*; Ishizaki, Azusa; Osada, Naoyuki*
JAEA-Research 2018-009, 48 Pages, 2019/01
At the accident of nuclear facilities, a prediction of the behavior of released radioactive plume is indispensable to make a decision on a refuge plan of inhabitants. Currently, prediction system which is based on atmospheric dispersion simulation has been implemented as a tool of the atomic energy disaster prevention. However, the direct measurement method of the radioactive plume has not existed. In this study, some component technologies were developed for the establishment of direct measurement methods of radioactive plume using unmanned aerial vehicle whose technological innovation is remarkable. In addition, the spray test using mock aerosol was conducted to obtaining the deposition rate to the airplane body. The algorism of making a flight plan was developed based on a prediction model of the radioactive plume. This report summarized the outcome of the second year of the three-year plan.
Hozengaku, 17(4), P. 1, 2019/01
no abstracts in English
Suzuki, Kenta; Kawabata, Kuniaki
Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/SICE International Symposium on System Integration (SII 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2019/01
Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Sanada, Yukihisa
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.103 - 107, 2019/01
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, a large amount of radionuclides was spread out all over the world. In our previous study, we developed the aerial radiation monitoring technique using unmanned helicopter for investigating the dose rate derived deposited radionuclides over wide area. In addition, many monitoring techniques were developed for investigating the local distribution of radionuclides using unmanned aerial vehicle, handheld instrument and car within small area. Distinction of these methods depends on desirable position resolution of dose rate. However, the comparison method of the measurement result between different methods is not established. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the some methods of airborne and ground radiation measurement in same extended farm.
Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishizaki, Azusa; Sanada, Yukihisa
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.63 - 67, 2019/01
Since the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), some unmanned vehicles (UAVs) are applied to airborne radiation measurement in around FDNPS. In conventional analysis methods, count rate that is obtained in the sky is converted to air dose rate at 1 m above the ground (agl.) under following premises. (1) Topography under the UAV is a plane (plane source model). (2) The air dose rate at 1 m agl. under the UAV is constant inside approximately 10 m radius. (3) Relationship of altitude and count rate is exponential correlation. Therefore, it is difficult that dose rate by airborne radiation measurement is precisely measured at the mountains and uneven place of dose rate by the conventional method. In this study, Maximum Likelihood-Expectation Maximization (ML-EM) method which is used in the medical radiation such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is attempted to apply to environmental radiation measurement using UAV.
Okumura, Keisuke; Riyana, E. S.; Sato, Wakaei*; Maeda, Hirobumi*; Katakura, Junichi*; Kamada, So*; Joyce, J. M.*; Lennox, B.*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.108 - 112, 2019/01
In order to establish the prediction method of the dose rate distribution in the primary containment vessel (PCV) of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a series of calculations were carried out in the following way; (1) burnup calculation to obtain fuel composition at the time of accident, (2) activation calculation for the structural materials including impurities, (3) estimation of Cs contamination in PCV based on the result of severe accident analysis by IRID, (4) decay calculation of radioactive nuclides, (5) photon transport calculation to obtain dose rate distribution. After that, Cs concentration around the dry-well of 1F was modified to be consistent with locally measured dose rates in the PCV-investigation by IRID.
Kamada, So*; Kato, Michio*; Nishimura, Kazuya*; Nancekievill, M.*; Watson, S.*; Lennox, B.*; Jones, A.*; Joyce, M. J.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Katakura, Junichi*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.199 - 202, 2019/01
As a technology development to investigate the distribution of submerged fuel debris in the primary containment vessel (PCV) of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, we are conducting development experiments of sonar system to be mounted in a compact ROV. The experiments were conducted in two types of water tanks with different depths, simulating the PCV, using sonar with different sizes, ultrasonic frequencies, and beam scanning method, and simulated fuel debris. As a result, we characterized the shape discrimination performance of the simulated debris, and the noise due to multi-path in narrow closed space.
Miwa, Kazuji; Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.166 - 170, 2019/01
In this study, in order to validate the restricted use of recycling material at the reference radiocesium concentration (determined in series report (1)), we evaluated worker annual doses, air dose rate at the site boundary and impact of migrated radiocesium into groundwater. Firstly, we evaluated the additional annual dose for workers, on the assumption that typical workers coming in contact with the source after construction (Road: 1.2 mSv/y, Building: 1.3 mSv/y). Secondly, we evaluated the air dose rates by distance from road and building including recycling material, and investigated the distance for not exceeding 1 mSv/y (including additional dose rate by recycling and background dose rate of 0.6 mSv/y) at the site boundary (Road: 25 m, Building: 1 m). Thirdly, we evaluated the Cs migration in groundwater, and investigated the distance required for satisfying the operation target value (Cs: 1 Bq/L, Cs: 1 Bq/L) at the boundary (coastal line) (Road: 10 m, Building: 10 m).
Shimada, Taro; Miwa, Kazuji; Takeda, Seiji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.203 - 207, 2019/01
Rubbles less than 5 Sv/h of surface dose rate, which are stored outdoor in the Fukushima Daiichi NPS (1F) site, will be recycled and applied in a restricted reuse only within 1F site in the future. In this study, we suggested a concept for establishing the reference radioactive concentration of recycling material for the restricted use in the 1F site. Reference radiocesium concentration is calculated so that increased dose rate by restricted reuse does not exceed 1 Sv/h which is the minimum value of dose rate map in the 1F entire site. In order to justify the restricted reuse under the reference concentration calculated, additional occupational dose, dose rate at the site boundary and groundwater concentration at the outlet to the ocean are evaluated and confirmed that the values are below 2 mSv/y, 1 mSv/y and 1 Bq/cm of Cs and Cs, respectively. And then calculated the reference radiocesium concentrations of the recycling material used for paved roads and the bases of concrete building.
Kim, B.-J.*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.130 - 133, 2019/01
Takahara, Shogo; Iijima, Masashi*; Yoneda, Minoru*; Shimada, Yoko*
Risk Analysis, 39(1), p.212 - 224, 2019/01
A dose assessment model was developed based on measurements and surveys of individual doses and relevant contributors in Fukushima City for four population groups: Fukushima City Office staff, Senior Citizens' Club, Contractors' Association, and AgriculturalCooperative. In addition, probabilistic assessments were performed for these population groups by considering the spatial variability of contamination and interpopulation differencesresulting from behavior patterns. As a result of comparison with the actual measurements, the assessment results for participants from the Fukushima City Office, Senior Citizens' Club and the Agricultural Cooperative agreed with the measured values. By contrast, the measurements obtained for the participants from the Contractors' Association were not reproduced well in the present study. To assess the doses to this group, further investigations of association members' work activities and the related dose reduction effects are needed.