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Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am in loess media (Joint research)

Tanaka, Tadao ; Mukai, Masayuki ; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Junko ; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Li, S.*; Wang, Z.*; Wang, J.*; Guo, Z.*; Zhao, Y.*

Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr(II), $$^{237}$$Np(V), $$^{238}$$Pu(IV) and $$^{241}$$Am(III) on the loess were investigated from their adsorption and desorption properties. The distribution coefficient of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was 2 - 3 orders of magnitude smaller than that of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am. The adsorption of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was mainly controlled by the ion exchange reaction. On the other hand, the adsorption of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am was mostly controlled by the selective chemical reactions with Fe and Mn oxyhydroxide/oxide and humic substances. On the basis of the experimental results, several types of adsorption models of the radionuclides, considering elemental concentrations, adsorption mechanisms and kinetics, were proposed for setting up the analytical systems of radionuclide migration in the loess media.

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