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Variation of $$^{14}$$C, $$^{137}$$Cs and stable carbon composition in forest soil and its implications

Guo, J.; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko  ; Amano, Hikaru

Soil organic matter content, $$delta$$$$^{13}$$C, $$^{14}$$C and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity were determined in 3 undisturbed forest soil profiles in Ibaraki prefecture, Japan to estimate $$^{14}$$C migration in surface environment. The $$^{137}$$Cs data illustrate that no disturbance has occurred during past years in 3 soil profiles. The peak values are observed in the top 10 cm of the soil profiles. $$^{14}$$C activities were determined with fast bomb combustion-liquid scintillation counting method. $$^{14}$$C determination shows that $$^{14}$$C also has peak values in the top 10 cm of the soil profiles ascribed to the highest bomb $$^{14}$$C level in 1960's.$$delta$$$$^{13}$$C values continuously decreased with increasing soil depth. Enrichment of deeper soils in isotope ratio probably results from discrimination against $$^{13}$$C during mineralization and loss of isotopically lighter carbon from soils due to root uptake, leaching etc.It shows that $$delta$$$$^{13}$$C is an excellent indicator of soil carbon turnover and belowground process.



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Category:Chemistry, Analytical



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