Hydraulic characteristics of ITER TF insert coil; Electromagnetic force effect on hydraulic performance
Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Matsui, Kunihiro; Kato, Takashi; Sugimoto, Makoto; Hara, Eiji*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Egorov, S. A.*; Rodin, I.*; Sytnikov, V. E.*; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; CS Model Coil Test Group
In the Engineering Design Activities of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), Toroidal Field (TF) Insert have been developed and tested successfully. In the experiment, pressure drop performance of TF insert was investigated. There were two purposes for the investigation. One is to verify the pressure drop prediction using correlations proposed by various researchers. Second is to observe a behavior of pressure drop under the electromagnetic force. The pressure drops of TF insert decreased by around 12% during current-carrying operation of 46kA at 13T. After several current-carrying operation, the friction factor of TF insert has finally reached a value which is around 12% lower than that of virgin state and was not recovered even if there were zero current. It is considered that a deformation of cable cross section inside the conductor jacket appears due to electromagnetic force and a new flow path in the jacket is generated.