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In situ EXAFS study on GeS$$_{2}$$ glass under high-pressure

高圧下のGeS$$_{2}$$のその場EXAFS研究

宮宇地 晃一*; Qiu, J.*; 小路谷 将範*; 川本 洋二*; 北村 直之*; 福味 幸平*; 片山 芳則; 西畑 保雄

Miyauchi, Koichi*; Qiu, J.*; Shojiya, Masanori*; Kawamoto, Yoji*; Kitamura, Naoyuki*; Fukumi, Kohei*; Katayama, Yoshinori; Nishihata, Yasuo

大容量プレスを用いて、GeS$$_{2}$$ガラスを室温で8GPaまで加圧し、8GPaで270$$^{circ}$$Cまで加熱した後、室温で常圧まで減圧した。Ge周辺の局所構造変化をその場EXAFSの手法によって調べた。Ge-S結合長は室温では8GPaまで加えた圧力とともに単調に減少した。しかしながら、試料を8GPaで270$$^{circ}$$Cまで加熱すると、結合長はわずかに伸びた。この伸びた結合長は、室温まで温度を下げた後もほぼそのまま保たれた。減圧過程では、加えた圧力を2GPaまで抜くに従って、加圧過程での変化を逆にたどって結合長は次第に長くなっていった。しかし、2GPa以下では、Ge-S結合長は大きく伸び、初めの値より長くなった。8GPaまでの加圧及び減圧過程において、配位数の顕著な変化は見いだされなかった。この変化は、弾性的及び非弾性的な構造変化の合わさった効果によって説明できる。

A GeS$$_{2}$$ glass was compressed up to 8 GPa at room temperature, heated up to 270 $$^{circ}$$C under 8 GPa and then decompressed to ambient pressure at room temperature, using a large volume high-pressure apparatus. The local structural-changes around Ge were examined by means of EXAFS method. The Ge-S bond length became monotonously short with increasing applied-pressure up to 8 GPa at room temperature. When the specimen was heated to 270 $$^{circ}$$C under 8 GPa, however, the vond length became slightly long. The elongated bond lengthe was almost kept even after the temperature was descended to room tempertature. In decompression process, the bond length became gradually long with releasing applied-pressure down to 2 GPa, following a change in compression process. Below 2 GPa, however, the Ge-S bond length was largely elongated, being lnger than the initial one. No significant change of coordination number was found in the compression and decompression processes up to 8 GPa. This change canbe explained by a combined effect of elastic and inelastic structural-changes.

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