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Characterization of neutron beams for boron neutron capture therapy; In-air radiobiological dosimetry

Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi ; Kumada, Hiroaki; Hori, Naohiko ; Torii, Yoshiya ; Shibata, Yasushi*; Nose, Tadao*

The survival curves and the RBE for the dose components generated in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) were determined separately in neutron beams at JRR-4. The surviving fractions of V79 cells with or without 10B were obtained using an epithermal neutron beam (ENB), a mixed thermal-epithermal neutron beam (TNB-1), and a thermal (TNB-2) neutron beam. The cell killing effect of the neutron beam in the presence or absence of 10B was highly dependent on the neutron beam used and depended on the epithermal and fast-neutron content of the beam. The RBEs of the boron capture reaction were 4.07, 2.98 and 1.42, and the RBEs of the high-LET dose components based on the hydrogen recoils and the nitrogen capture reaction were 2.50, 2.34 and 2.17 for ENB, TNB-1 and TNB-2, respectively. The approach to the experimental determination of RBEs allows the RBE-weighted dose calculation for each dose component of the neutron beams and contributes to an accurate inter-beam comparison of the neutron beams at the different facilities employed in ongoing and planned BNCT clinical trials.

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