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CARS study of deuterium clusters stabilized in solid helium

固体ヘリウム中に安定化された重水素クラスターのCARS法による研究

Gordon, E. B.*; 熊田 高之  ; 石黒 正純; 荒殿 保幸

Gordon, E. B.*; Kumada, Takayuki; Ishiguro, Masazumi; Aratono, Yasuyuki

固体ヘリウム中への重水素分子のドープ法の開発と、1.3K, 3Mpaの固体ヘリウム中にドープされた重水素クラスターのCARS(Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy)法による分光研究を行った。ドープされた重水素のオルト,パラ体の含有量,クラスターサイズを関数としてスペクトルの、強度,線幅,シフト等を検討し、オルト,パラ体のラマン散乱断面積の比が、気相とは10000倍異なることなどを明らかにした。

The solid Deuterium clusters for the first time isolated in a matrix of solid Helium have been investigated at T = 1.3K and P = 3 MPa by CARS (Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy) technique. The Q1(J=0) and Q1(J=1) lines intensity, shape and positions have been studied as the functions of ortho- para content in the solid, as well as of clusters size. The strong effect of Raman scattering cross section sensitivity to the molecular environment nuclear spin state has been found in CARS; the ratio of probabilities for the scattering by para (J=1) and ortho (J=0) deuterium being equal to 1 in a gas is as high as 10,000 in nearly pure o-D2, whereas it is about 50 in spontaneous Raman scattering. This effect has been shown to give rise starting from cluster size corresponding to the phonon band onset.

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