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Report No.

Improvement of Thomson scattering diagnostics using stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based phase conjugate mirrors

Hatae, Takaki; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*

A high performance phase conjugate mirror by stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS-PCM) is applied to Thomson scattering diagnostics in JT-60U for the first time. To improve the measurement performance, two developments were performed with SBS-PCM. First, we developed a new optical design to provide a double-pass scattering scheme with SBS-PCM. A laser beam passing through the plasma is reflected by the SBS-PCM, and a reflected beam returned back through the same path as coming one by the phase conjugate effect, and passed through the plasma again. The double path Thomson scattering scheme demonstrated in JT-60U plasma that a factor of 1.6 increase of the scattered light in contrast with single-pass scattering. Second, an improvement of the output power of YAG laser system using the SBS-PCM was performed. As a result, average power was increased over 8 times in contrast with conventional system, and was achieved up to 368 W (7.4 J $$times$$ 50 Hz). A multi-pass Thomson scattering scheme is also proposed based on the results of double-pass scattering.



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