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Single-crystal growth and magnetic properties of a new ternary uranium compound U$$_3$$Ni$$_5$$Al$$_{19}$$

Haga, Yoshinori; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Ikeda, Shugo; Galatanu, A.; Matsumoto, Takuya*; Sugimoto, Toyonari*; Tada, Toshiji*; Noguchi, Satoru*; Onuki, Yoshichika

A new ternary uranium-based intermetallic compound U$$_3$$Ni$$_5$$Al$$_{19}$$ has been symthesized. It crystallizes in the unique flat orthorhombic structure. Uranium atoms occupy two crystallographic 4$$c$$ and 8$$f$$ sites where local chemical environments are quite similar. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility $$chi(T)$$ demonstrates peculiar magnetic anisotropy; $$chi(T)$$ along $$b$$- and $$c$$-axes obeys the Curie-Weiss law above 23 K, while $$chi(T)$$ along $$a$$-axis is small and temperature independent. At 23 K, only $$chi_c$$ shows a sharp cusp corresponding to the antiferromagnetic ordering, while $$chi_b$$ remains paramagnetic behavior down to 2 K. These results and crystallographical considerations lead to a conclusion that only uranium atoms at the 8$$c$$ site order antiferromagnetically at $$T_{rm N}$$ = 23 K, while uranium atoms at the $$4c$$ site do not order down to 50 mK.

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Category:Physics, Condensed Matter

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