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Report No.
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Research and development on passive cooling system

Takada, Shoji

Experiments are carried out to investigate the effects of the natural convection of superheated gas as well as of the stand pipes on the temperature distributions of the components and the heat removal performance in the water-cooling panel system for the MHTGR for decay heat removal, and to verify the design and evaluation methods. The numerical results of the code THANPACST2 are compared with the experimental data to verify the numerical methods and axi-symmetric model proposed, which can simulate the three-dimensional configuration of the stand pipes on the upper head of the pressure vessel by using porous body cells. The experiments revealed that temperatures increased with elevation on the upper head, because the stand pipes restrict radiation heat transfer to the upper cooling panel and reduce the heat transfer area on the upper head which was superheated by natural convection of helium gas in the pressure vessel. The numerical methods were able to closely duplicate the pattern of the rising temperature profile with elevation around the top of the upper head.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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