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Report No.

Preparation of fullerenes by arc discharge between graphite anode and tungsten cathode; Effects of gas species

Otsuki, Ryusei*; Nasu, Shoichi*; Ohashi, Kentaro*; Yamamoto, Ryoichi*; Fujii, Kimio; Okubo, Keisuke*

The He, Ar and the Penning gas pressureeffects on the preparation yieldsof the fullerenes were investigated by means of the arc discharge method using graphite(PGX) anode buried in a tungsten rod and tungsten cathode for collector radii of 50mm. The maximum yield showed about 13-14 % at 67KPa in He gas. The yields in the mixtures of He and Ne gases (the Penning effect) were similar to those obtained in He gas. Weight ratios of C$$_{60}$$ to (C$$_{60}$$+C$$_{70}$$) were about 20% in Ar gas, while those in He and Penning gas were about 60%. Ultra sonic vibration was effective to separate C$$_{70}$$ from soot.



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