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Analysis on split failure of cladding of high burnup BWR rods in reactivity-initiated accident conditions by RANNS code

反応度事故条件での高燃焼度BWR燃料の被覆管低歪み破損のRANNSコードによる解析

鈴木 元衛; 斎藤 裕明*; 更田 豊志

Suzuki, Motoe; Saito, Hiroaki*; Fuketa, Toyoshi

RIA条件での燃料ふるまいを解析するコードRANNSを開発した。このコードは1本の燃料棒の熱解析とFEM力学解析を行い、温度分布,PCMI接触力,応力歪み分布とそれらの相互作用を計算する。RANNSによる解析はFEMAXI-6の解析による事故直前状態から始める。高燃焼度BWR燃料を用いたFK-10とFK12実験の解析を行い、PCMI過程を詳細に分析した。その結果、ペレットの熱膨張は被覆管の変形を支配し、被覆管は二軸応力状態におかれること,被覆管の熱膨張は内側領域の応力を外側領域より大きく低下させることが明らかとなった。また幅の広いパルスを照射したシミュレーション計算を行い、被覆管の周方向応力値を実験に基づく推定値と比較検討した。

A computer code RANNS was developed to analyze fuel rod behaviors in the RIA conditions. The code performs thermal and FEM-mechanical calculation for a single rod in axis-symmetric geometry to predict temperature profile, PCMI contact pressure, stress-strain distribution and their interactions. An experimental analysis by RANNS begins with pre-test conditions of irradiated rod which are given by FEMAXI-6. Analysis was performed on the simulated RIA experiments in NSRR, FK-10 and FK-12, of high burnup BWR rods in a cold start-up conditions, and PCMI process was discussed extensively. It was revealed that pellet thermal expansion dominates cladding deformation and subjects the cladding to bi-axial stress state, and thermal expansion in the cladding makes the stress in the inner region significantly lower than that in the outer region. Simulation calculations with wider pulses were carried out and the resulted cladding hoop stress was compared with the failure stress estimated in the NSRR experiments.

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パーセンタイル:58.04

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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