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Results from studies on high burn-up fuel behavior under LOCA conditions

LOCA条件下における高燃焼度燃料挙動に関する研究の成果

永瀬 文久; 更田 豊志

Nagase, Fumihisa; Fuketa, Toyoshi

LOCAに関する日本の安全基準は、事故条件を模擬した試験により決められた急冷時燃料棒破断限界に基づいている。このため、原研はLOCA条件を模擬した総合的な急冷実験を行い、高燃焼度燃料の破断限界を評価している。水素を添加した未照射被覆管やPWRにおいて39あるいは44GWd/tまで照射した高燃焼度燃料被覆管を用いた試験をこれまでに行った。破断限界は基本的に酸化量に依存し、初期水素濃度と急冷時の軸方向拘束力に伴い低下することが明らかになった。また、試験対象とした高燃焼度燃料被覆管の破断限界は、同等の水素濃度を有する未照射被覆管の破断限界とほぼ同等であることも明らかになった。

The Japanese regulatory criterion for a loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) is based on a threshold of fuel rod fracture during quenching, which was experimentally determined under simulated LOCA conditions. In order to evaluate the fracture threshold of high burn-up fuel rods, JAERI performs integral thermal shock tests simulating LOCA conditions. The tests have been performed with pre-hydrided, unirradiated claddings and high burn-up fuel claddings irradiated to 39 and 44 GWd/t at a PWR. It was shown that fracture/no-fracture threshold primarily depends on the oxidation amount and that the threshold decreases with increases in hydrogen concentration and axial restraint during the quench. It was also shown that fracture conditions of the tested high burn-up fuel claddings are consistent with the fracture threshold derived from unirradiated claddings with similar hydrogen concentrations.

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