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Notch toughness evaluation of diffusion-bonded joint of alumina dispersion-strengthened copper to stainless steel

アルミナ分散強化銅とステンレス鋼拡散接合継手の切欠き靱性の評価

西 宏

Nishi, Hiroshi

拡散接合継手のシャルピー衝撃試験の吸収エネルギーが小さい原因を明らかにするため、ステンレス鋼とアルミナ分散強化銅の直接拡散接合継手と金インサートを用いた拡散接合継手について、接合界面部に切欠きを付けた試験片の計装化シャルピー衝撃試験と静的3点曲げ試験を行い、その破壊挙動を比較した。また、有限要素法により引張りとシャルピー試験片の弾塑性解析を行い、両試験片の変形特性の相違を検討した。その結果次の結果を得た。衝撃試験と静的曲げ試験結果は等しく、接合継手の吸収エネルギーの低下は、最大曲げ荷重の低下により起こる。これは、接合継手曲げ試験片の切欠き底では両材の応力-ひずみ特性が異なるため、低強度部材のアルミナ分散強化銅界面近傍に変形が集中するためであり、シャルピー吸収エネルギーの低下は切欠き底の変形が一様でなく、局部的に集中するために起こる。

Tensile strength of the diffusion bonded joint was as large as that of Alumina dispersion-strengthened copper (DS Cu), however, the Charpy absorbed energy of the joint was considerably lower than that of DS Cu. Instrumented Charpy impact test and slow-bend Charpy test of diffusion bonded joints were performed to clarify the degradation of Charpy absorbed energy. Elasto-plastic analyses were also carried out in order to study the deformation behavior of the tensile and V-notched specimens for joints. As the results, the fracture behaviors of the impact and slow-bend tests were almost the same. Elasto-plastic analyses showed that the maximum strain occurred at the DS Cu apart from the interface for tensile specimen, however, the strain concentrated at the DS Cu near the interface for the notched specimen. This strain concentration arose from the mechanical heterogeneity between stainless steel and DS Cu in the bonded zone and attributed to the degradation of the absorbed energy of the joints.

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パーセンタイル:79.48

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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