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Report No.
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Deterioration of pulse characteristics and burn-up effects with an engineering model in Japanese spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide   ; Watanabe, Noboru; Teshigawara, Makoto   ; Kai, Tetsuya   ; Maekawa, Fujio  ; Kato, Takashi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Pulse characteristics data for every neutron beam line are indispensable in designing devices for neutron scattering experiments of JSNS. A detailed model was built and pulse characteristics of each beam line were estimated using the PHITS code and the MCNP-4C code. These results have been disclosed on the J-PARC homepage since September 2004. Due to changes of moderator shapes in a progress of manufacture design, we observed from the calculation that pulse structures of decoupled moderators were deteriorated, especially, those of pulse tail. We found that this deterioration was caused by leakage neutron from gaps between decouplers and absorbing liners of the reflector. For a final stage of the manufacture design, we carefully tried to find other factors which deteriorated the pulse characteristics. Furthermore, pulse structures of poisoned and unpoisoned decoupled moderators were evaluated with the consideration of heterogeneous burn-up and leakage neutron spectra including high-energy region up to GeV were estimated for each neutron beam hole.

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