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Analysis on pellet-clad mechanical interaction process of high-burnup PWR fuel rods by RANNS code in Reactivity-initiated accident conditions

NSRRの反応度事故実験における高燃焼度PWR燃料のペレット被覆管機械的相互作用の過程のRANNSによる解析

鈴木 元衛; 更田 豊志; 斎藤 裕明*

Suzuki, Motoe; Fuketa, Toyoshi; Saito, Hiroaki*

NSRRにおいて行われた高燃焼度PWR燃料棒(OI-10とOI-11)の反応度事故模擬実験の実験解析をRANNSコードにより行った。燃料棒の事故初期条件はFEMAXI-6コードによりPWR中の照射履歴に沿った計算により解析され、結果がRANNSに与えられた。RANNSによる解析は、初期条件,パルス入力,冷却材温度などに基づいて行われ、ペレットスタック及び被覆管の温度,応力歪み分布,それらの相互作用がPCMIの見地から分析され、実験と比較された。OI-10では計算された被覆管永久歪みはPIEデータとほぼ一致したが、被覆管の局所的に大きな歪みが指摘された。OI-11では、被覆管のクラック発生から破断までの過程が被覆管の塑性歪み発生により説明された。

Experimental analyses were performed for the RIA-simulated tests, OI-10 and OI-11 of high burnup PWR rods, in the NSRR by the RANNS code. The rod conditions were calculated by the fuel performance code FEMAXI-6 following the actual power history from the beginning to the end of irradiation in PWR and the results were given to the RANNS code as pre-test conditions. The RANNS analysis was conducted on the basis of such test conditions in the NSRR as the pre-test conditions, pulse power enthalpy and coolant temperature. The predicted quantities such as temperature of pellet stack and cladding, stress-strain distribution in cladding, and interactions among them during pulse irradiation were discussed in terms of PCMI process and compared with the experimental observations. In the OI-10 rod, calculated cladding permanent strain has a reasonable agreement with strain profile obtained in PIE, while locally enhanced strain of cladding was pointed out. In the OI-11 rod, the process from crack initiation to split failure was accounted for by the plastic strain occurrence in cladding.

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パーセンタイル:29.56

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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