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High-temperature magnetic investigations on uranium compounds

Galatanu, A.; Haga, Yoshinori ; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Ikeda, Shugo; Yamamoto, Etsuji ; Aoki, Dai*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Onuki, Yoshichika

We investigated the magnetic property of typical uranium compounds by measuring the magnetic susceptibility in an extended temperature range up to about 800 K. The magnetic susceptibility follows the Curie-Weiss law for a localized 5$$f^2$$-electron compound UPd$$_3$$ and a ferromagnetic insulator UFe$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$. In most of the investigated compounds we observed a crossover effect of the 5$$f$$ electrons from a low-temperature itinerant nature to a high-temperature localized one. This is found to be characteristic for ferromagnetic superconductors such as UGe$$_{2}$$ and UIr, and also for antiferromagnets like USb$$_{2}$$ or UNiSb$$_{2}$$. To assess an extension of this characteristic property in the uranium compounds we also investigated typical 5$$f$$-itinerant compounds like UGa$$_{3}$$ and UPtGa$$_5$$. The crossover effect is essentially important in heavy fermion compounds such as UPt$$_3$$, UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. Even in the paramagnetic compound of UB$$_4$$, the magnetic susceptibility is not temperature-independent, but approaches a 5$$f$$-localized tendency at high temperatures. Since the samples were single crystals, we were also able to trace the evolution of the magnetic anisotropy. The high-temperature anisotropic susceptibility data were analyzed on the basis of the crystalline electric field scheme.

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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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