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Report No.
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Characteristics of runaway plasmas in JT-60U

Kawano, Yasunori; Nakano, Tomohide; Isayama, Akihiko; Hatae, Takaki; Konoshima, Shigeru; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kondoh, Takashi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Kubo, Hirotaka; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ide, Shunsuke

In order to mitigate the post-disruption runaway electrons, experiments has been carried out with impurity pellet injection. As a result, we have observed the prompt exhaust of the runaway electrons and the reduction of runaway plasma. We have presented one possible explanation for basic behavior of the runaway plasma current that it follows the balance of the avalanche generation of runaway electrons and their slowing down predicted by the model, including effects by synchrotron radiation. On the other hand, standing on the fact that the current quench time is extended by runaway electrons, the experiment for avoiding the current quench by runaway electrons has been carried out. The runaway electrons reinforced the discharge to survive against the low Te of less than several tens eV and an additional impurity pellet injection, and thus the plasma current was maintained and terminated as programmed. To study the dynamics of runaway electrons precisely, a new active and direct diagnostic concept using the laser inverse Compton scattering has been proposed.

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