検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Natural convection heat transfer of high temperature gas in an annulus between two vertical concentric cylinders

鉛直同心二重円筒内高温気体の自然対流熱伝達に関する研究

稲葉 良知; Zhang, Y.*; 武田 哲明; 椎名 保顕

Inaba, Yoshitomo; Zhang, Y.*; Takeda, Tetsuaki; Shiina, Yasuaki

高温ガス炉の炉容器冷却システムの1つに、水による冷却パネルを用い、自然対流と熱放射により間接的に炉心を冷却するシステムがあり、高温工学試験研究炉(HTTR)においても、このシステムが採用されている。本研究では、HTTRの原子炉圧力容器-冷却パネル間内高温気体の熱伝達特性を調べるため、内筒を加熱、外筒を冷却した鉛直同心二重円筒内の面間の熱放射を伴う自然対流熱伝達に関する実験と数値解析を行った。実験において、環状空間の高さに基づいたレイレー数は、ヘリウムガスに対して2.0$$times$$10$$^{7}$$$$<$$Ra$$<$$5.4$$times$$10$$^{7}$$、窒素ガスに対して1.2$$times$$10$$^{9}$$$$<$$Ra$$<$$3.5$$times$$10$$^{9}$$となった。また数値解析の結果は、加熱壁面と冷却壁面の温度に関して実験とよく一致した。実験と数値解析の結果から、面間の熱放射を伴う自然対流熱伝達に関する相関式を、レイレー数,半径比,加熱壁面及び冷却壁面の温度と熱放射率の関数として得た。

Water cooling panels have been adopted as the vessel cooling system of the HTTR to cool the reactor core indirectly by natural convection and thermal radiation. In order to investigate the heat transfer characteristics of high temperature gas in a vertical annular space between the reactor pressure vessel and cooling panels of the HTTR, we carried out experiments and numerical analyses on natural convection heat transfer coupled with thermal radiation heat transfer in an annulus between two vertical concentric cylinders with the inner cylinder heated and the outer cylinder cooled. In the present experiments, Rayleigh number based on the height of the annulus ranged from 2.0$$times$$10$$^{7}$$ to 5.4$$times$$10$$^{7}$$ for helium gas and from 1.2$$times$$10$$^{9}$$ to 3.5$$times$$10$$^{9}$$ for nitrogen gas. The numerical results were in good agreement with the experimental ones regarding the surface temperatures of the heating and cooling walls. As a result of the experiments and the numerical analyses, the heat transfer coefficient of natural convection coupled with thermal radiation was obtained.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.