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Observation of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic correlations in UIr$$_{3}$$B$$_{2}$$

Fujimoto, Tatsuya; Sakai, Hironori   ; Tokunaga, Yo  ; Kambe, Shinsaku  ; Walstedt, R. E.; Ikeda, Shugo; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori   ; Onuki, Yoshichika

The low-dimensional systems exhibit wide-variety of physical properties. In the antiferromagnetic triangular lattice, for instance, resonating valence bond state is expected, furthermore, in one-dimensional (1D) systems, metal-insulator transition (Peierls transition) occurs due to charge-lattice couplings. Up to now, the study of low-dimensional systems has been mostly performed in oxides and organic compounds, but it is rare in the rare-earth and actinide intermetallics. To looking for the novel low-dimensionality in $$f$$-electron systems, we focused on the UIr$$_3$$B$$_2$$, and NMR measurement was carried out. From Knight shift and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rates, ferromagnetic correlations develop above 50 K, but below 50 K, the emergence of antiferromagnetic correlations was clarified along with the saturation of ferromagnetic correlations. The possible model to explain the obtained result is nesting effect on the 1D Fermi surface, and it is expected that UIr$$_3$$B$$_2$$ will be the typical compound to investigate the physical properties of 1D $$f$$-electrons systems.

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