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Report No.

Study on construction technology for repository

Tanai, Kenji; Iwasa, Kengo; Hasegawa, Hiroshi; Miura, K.*; Okutsu, Kazuo*; Kobayashi, Masaaki*

For the construction of underground facilities comprising access tunnels, connecting tunnels, main tunnels and disposal tunnels, a large number of tunnels will be excavated in deep rock formations. These excavations will extend hundreds kilometers in total length. Therefore, special attention must be paid, to transporting large volume of debris, ventilation, emergency escape routes in case of accident, and other factors. In addition, special attention must also paid to potential accidents which might in underground excavations, including unstable facing phenomena (such as collapse and swelling of facing at weak layer sections), spring water flow resulting collapse of rock, gas eruption, and rock burst. While considering these factors to be emphasized during the construction of geological disposal facilities, the investigation reviewed the existing working methods on individual construction technologies of access tunnels, main tunnels, connecting tunnels, disposal tunnels, and disposal pit, based on the recognition that the present state deals with a wide range of geological environments, and conducted investigation about the construction methods for each tunnel on the basis current technologies, and described the outline of these methods. Furthermore, for the items to be particulaly emphasized on site characterization koko and siting data such as ground pressure and spring water, the investigation reviewed the current countermeasure works, and made survey on the phenomena appeared during actual tunnel construction works and their countermeasres, and carried out a study on effectiveness of these countermeasures. This constructing of disposal site in deep geological formations is basically possible by applying, or confirming, current excavation technologies for tunnels and underground facilities, A systematic construction system combines separate technologies relating to construction, (excavation technology, tunnel support work method, etc.). Such systems ...



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