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実岩体を用いた透水試験-NETBLOCK試験報告-

Examination of hydraulic property of natural rock specimen

山田 直之*; 鎧 桂一*; 澤田 淳

not registered; not registered; not registered

NETBLOCK試験装置ではこれまでに、アクリル試験体および模擬岩体を用いた試験を通じて、透水試験を行う上での装置の取扱方法、試験条件等の検討を行ってきた。また、交差亀裂を有する実岩体(花崗岩:釜石鉱山より採取)をNETBLOCKで試験可能なサイズに成型を行ってきた。今回は、亀裂交差部が透水性に与える影響を調べることを目的として、実岩体を用いた透水試験を行った。対象となる亀裂の透水性が高いために、計測システムの改良を行い、数cm程度の水頭差で透水試験を行った。その結果、亀裂の透水量係数が10-4$$sim$$10-5(m2/s)のオーダーであることが分かった。また、注水時の亀裂内の水頭分布から、下部亀裂のNW方向に透水性の低い箇所があることが推定できた。亀裂の透水性が高く、試験時の透水量が多くなることから、試験条件が乱流である可能性が考えられる。乱流が生じている場合、透水性を低く評価することになるので、流体の粘性を高くして層流条件で試験を実施し、透水性の正しい評価を行う必要があると考えられる。

Handling methods and test conditions of hydraulic tests for NETBLOCK system had been examined by using acrylic and/or artificial rock specimen. A natural rock specimen (granite : excavated from Kamaishi mine) with fracture intersection was formed into practicable size for NETBLOCK system. Recently, we conducted a series of hydraulic test, in order to study the influence of fracture intersection by using the natural rock specimen. Hydraulic tests were conducted under several centimeters of head, which could be controlled by improved system because hydraulic permeability of target fractures were high. As a result, 10$$^{-4}$$$$sim$$10$$^{-5}$$(m$$^{2}$$/s) orders of hydraulic transmissivity of target fractures could be measured. A low permeability in the NW direction at the lower fracture was estimated from the heterogeneous head distribution. However, it is also expected that turbulence flow might be occurred under this study condition because fracture permeability is high and flow rate through the fracture is relatively high. In case of turbulence-flow, an estimated hydraulic transmissivity is low. High-viscosity fluid hydraulic test to achieve laminar flow will be needed for correcting an evaluated transmissivity.

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