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乾式リサイクルシステムの安全性検討

Study of safety aspects for pyrochemical reprocessing systems

掛樋 勲; 中林 弘樹

not registered; not registered

本研究は、従来のPurex再処理法-ペレット加工法と異なるシステム概念の乾式リサイクルシステム(乾式再処理-射出成型(金属燃料)、振動充填(酸化物燃料)加工法)について、その安全システムを構築するために、安全システムの考え方(安全システム概念)を示し、安全評価に関わる検討を行ったものである。安全システムの考え方については、我が国現行の再処理安全審査指針に則って、必要な安全機能、安全設計要件及び安全設備を示し、課題を摘出した。安全評価に関わる検討については、想定する異常事象及び事故事象を選定し、安全設計パラメータ(閉じ込めフィルタ能力等)と漏洩インベントリをパラメータとして、公衆被ばく量制限との関係を求め、課題を摘出した。また、臨界管理の設計及び評価に資するため、臨界解析を行った。以上のように、本研究では、安全設計方針(安全設計上考慮すべき事項)、指針等の作成及び具体的な安全設計を進めるために、乾式システムの安全システム概念を体系化して、課題を示した。

In this study, we have proposed the concept of safety systems (solutions of safety problems) in pyrochemical reprocessing systems (lt consists of pyrochemical reprocessing methods and the injection casting process for the metal fuel fabrication, or vibro-packing process for the oxide fuel fabrication.) which has different concept from the existing PUREX reprocessing method and pellet fuel fabrication process. And we performed its safety evaluations. FoIlowing the present Japanese safety regulations for reprocessing facilities, we pointed out functions, design requirements and equipments relating to its safety systems and picked up subjects. For the survey of safety evaluations, we first selected anticipated events and accident events, and second by evaluated 6the correspondence of the limitation of the public exposure to the accidents above, by using two parameters, the safety design parameter (the filter performance to confine radioactive matelials) and the leak inventory of radioactivities, and last by picked up its problems. ln addition to the above evaluations we performed basic criticality analyses for its systems to utilize these results for the design and evaluation of the criticality safety management system. Thus this study specified the concept of safety systems for pyrochemical reprocessing processes and then issues in order to establish safety design policies (matters which must consider for the safety design) and guides and to advance more definite safety design.

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