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A Magnetic neutron lens based on an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet

Oku, Takayuki   ; Yamada, Satoru; Sasao, Hajime*; Suzuki, Junichi; Shinohara, Takenao*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Tsuzaki, Tsuyoshi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Shimizu, Hirohiko

We have developed a magnetic neutron lens based on an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet with magnet pieces of NEOMAX-44H, -35EH and high saturation magnetization material, permendule. The aperture size of the magnet is 35 mm in diameter and the magnet length is 2,400 mm. The magnet generates a sextupole magnetic field $$B_s=(C/2)r^2$$ with a gradient coefficient $$C$$=10,600 T/m$$^2$$ inside the aperture, where $$r$$ is a distance from the magnet center axis. To prevent neutrons from hitting and reflecting at the inner surface of the magnet, the surface is covered with cadmium (Cd) sheets and also Cd pinhole slits with size of 30 mm in diameter are positioned in series inside the magnet aperture, resulting in the effective diameter of 30 mm. The neutron focusing property of the magnet is investigated by using pulsed polarized neutrons. The obtained results are discussed with the precise simulation results. Its application to the focusing-geometry small-angle neutron scattering experiments is also discussed.

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Category:Physics, Condensed Matter

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