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Report No.

Ripple loss of alpha particles in a low-aspect-ratio tokamak reactor

Tani, Keiji; Nishio, Satoshi; Tobita, Kenji; Tsutsui, Hiroaki*; Mimata, Hideyuki*; Iio, Shunji*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Studies on the loss of fusion produced alpha particles enhanced by toroidal field (TF) ripple in a low-aspect-ratio tokamak reactor (VECTOR) have been made by using an orbit-following Monte-Carlo code. In actual TF coil systems, the ripple loss of alpha particles is strongly reduced as the aspect ratio becomes low (the power loss is proportional to A$$^{8.8}$$ for A$$>$$2.5) and the reduction of the number of TF coils results in a large amount of ripple losses even in a low-aspect-ratio tokamak. To reduce the number of TF coils from 12 to 6, about 40% of coil size enlargement is necessary in VECTOR. Ferrite plates are very effective to reduce ripple losses of alpha particles. By using ferrite plates, the coil size enlargement for N=6 can be relaxed to 15% and the number of coils can be reduced from 12 to 8 without any enlargement of coil size in VECTOR.



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