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An Experimental study on effective depressurization actions for PWR vessel bottom small break LOCA with HPI failure and gas inflow, ROSA-V test SB-PV-04

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Takeda, Takeshi ; Asaka, Hideaki; Nakamura, Hideo 

A small break loss-of-coolant accident (SBLOCA) experiment was conducted at the Large Scale Test Facility of ROSA-V program to study effects of accident management (AM) measures on core cooling, which are important in case of total failure of high pressure injection system during an SBLOCA at a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The experiment (SB-PV-04) simulating a PWR vessel bottom SBLOCA with a rupture of ten instrument-tubes clarified that rapid depressurization action by full-opening of relief valves and supplying auxiliary feedwater were effective to avoid core uncovery through actuation of low pressure injection system irrespective of significantly degraded depressurization by non-condensable gas inflow from the accumulator tanks. It is clarified that the effective core cooling was established by the rapid primary cooling which contributed to preserve larger primary coolant mass than in the previous experiment (SB-PV-03) which was conducted with smaller primary cooling rate of -55 K/h as another AM action and resulted in core heatup.

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