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Neutron powder diffraction study on the crystal and magnetic structures of BiCoO$$_3$$

Belik, A. A.*; Iikubo, Satoshi; Kodama, Katsuaki; Igawa, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Niitaka, Seiji*; Azuma, Masaki*; Shimakawa, Yuichi*; Takano, Mikio*; Izumi, Fujio*; Muromachi, Eiji*

The crystal and magnetic structures of polycrystalline BiCoO$$_3$$ have been determined by the Rietveldmethod from neutron diffraction data measured at temperatures from 5 to 520 K. BiCoO$$_3$$ (space groupP4mm; Z=1; a=3.72937(7) $AA and c=4.72382(15) AA at room temperature; tetragonality c/a=1.267)is isotypic with BaTiO$_3$$ and PbTiO$$_3$$ in the whole temperature range. BiCoO$$_3$$ is an insulator with a Neeltemperature of 470 K. A possible model for antiferromagnetic order is proposed with a propagationvector of k=(1/2, 1/2, 0). In this model, magnetic moments of Co$$^{3+}$$ ions are parallel to the c directionand align antiferromagnetically in the ab plane. The antiferromagnetic ab layers stack ferromagneticallyalong the c axis, forming a C-type antiferromagnetic structure. Refined magnetic moments at 5 and 300K are 3.24(2)$$mu$$$$_B$$ and 2.93(2)$$mu$$$$_B$$, respectively. The structure refinements revealed no deviation fromstoichiometry in BiCoO$$_3$$. BiCoO$$_3$$ decomposed in air above 720 K to give Co$$_3$$O$$_4$$ and sillenite-like Bi$$_{25}$$CoO$$_{39}$$.

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Category:Chemistry, Physical

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