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Reaction, transport and settling behavior of lead-bismuth eutectic in flowing liquid sodium

流動する液体ナトリウム中での鉛-ビスマス共晶合金の反応,移行及び沈降挙動

宮原 信哉; 大野 修司; 山本 信弘; 斉藤 淳一; 平林 勝

Miyahara, Shinya; Ohno, Shuji; Yamamoto, Nobuhiro; Saito, Junichi; Hirabayashi, Masaru

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の蒸気発生器伝熱管破損事故によるナトリウム-水反応を防止するため、ナトリウムと水との間に液体鉛ビスマス(LBE)を熱媒体として用いる中間熱交換器(AIHX)の概念がある。しかし、AIHXにおけるナトリウム-LBE間の伝熱管が破損した場合には、LBEがナトリウム系に漏えいすることが考えられる。そこで本研究では、400$$^{circ}$$Cの流動するナトリウム中に同温度のLBEを漏えいさせ、その反応挙動及び反応生成物の移行と沈降挙動を実験的に調べた。その結果、漏えいしたLBEは流動するナトリウムと発熱反応することによりBiNa$$_{3}$$を主成分とする固体粒子状の反応生成物が生じること,これら粒子は凝集してナトリウムループ底部に沈降し濃度は徐々に減衰すること,超音波を利用したLBEの漏えい検出は熱電対による温度上昇測定と同様に有効な漏えい検出器となりうること等を明らかにした。

The experimental study has been carried out to investigate reaction, transport and settling behavior of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) in flowing liquid sodium. In the test, 168 g of LBE were poured into flowing sodium from the top of a vertical-type sodium loop which contained 23.2 kg of sodium. The initial temperature of LBE and sodium was 673 K. The flow rate and the maximum velocity of sodium in the loop were controlled and measured at 20 dm$$^{3}$$/min and 1 m/sec, respectively, using an electro-magnetic pump and an electro-magnetic flow meter. The sodium loop has a settling chamber at the lower part to investigate the concentration decrease behavior of solid particle reaction products in the sodium due to the settling effect. The concentration was measured by sodium sampling from the 11 positions of the loop during the experiment and its post-test chemical analysis. The temperature changes at the various parts of the loop were also measured during the experiment by thermo-couples attached on the outer surface of the loop. Ultrasonic detectors were attached on the outer surface of the loop below the position of a LBE pour nozzle to demonstrate the utility as a leak detector.

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