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Report No.

Hydrogen formation in aqueous solutions by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation; Effects of the addition of oxide, sulfuric acid, and alcohol

Yamada, Reiji; Nagaishi, Ryuji ; Hatano, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Zenko

H$$_{2}$$ gas released to the gas phase in a sample was measured with gas chromatography after H$$_{2}$$ gas was formed in aqueous solution by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. The experimental results for oxide, sulfuric acid, and alcohol additives in aqueous solution revealed that the H$$_{2}$$ gas increased with increasing the amount of oxide and that the dependence of H$$_{2}$$ gas production on H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ concentration was strongly affected by the amount of oxide. The small amount of alcohol addition increased the H$$_{2}$$ production yield, which took a maximum when an aqueous solution contained sulfuric acid and oxide.



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