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Self-decomposition behavior of high concentration tritiated water

Ito, Takeshi*; Hayashi, Takumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

In a fusion reactor, how to handle high concentration tritiated water (HTO) is one of the key issues for the safety control. High concentration HTO decomposes by itself, and generates hydrogen and oxygen in the gas phase and hydrogen peroxide in the liquid phase, as the final products. There are many report of the G values for water decomposition by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation experiments, however, those for self-decomposition of HTO are limited because of the difficulty of the safety handling of HTO. In the Tritium Process Lab. of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the characteristics of a wide rage of HTO up to about 2 EBq/m$$^{3}$$ has been investigated for more than 10 years. The effective G values of hydrogen and hydrogen peroxide under self-decomposition of HTO were evaluated from their concentration increase in the leak tight vessel stored HTO, as a function of time. In this paper, the above effective G values are summarized, and the dependences of HTO concentration and temperature are discussed.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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