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Report No.

Stability analysis of underground opening during excavation, taking time-dependent behaviour of surrounding rock mass into consideration

Ogawa, Toyokazu*; Aoki, Tomoyuki*; Jo, Mayumi*; Matsui, Hiroya ; Horii, Hideyuki*

In case rock exhibits time-dependent deformation, it is important to evaluate this effect on the tunnel stability, since the rock deforms elastically as well as inelatically even at the time of excavation. This paper introduces an engineering approach method to explain the effect of time-dependent deformation of rock at tunnel excavation stages on the stability. The mechanical parameters to describe a Burgers type rheological model are determined, based upon the drained triaxial creep test results performed on mudstone samples. With the parameters determined, plane-strain 2 dimensional numerical analyses are subsequently performed. In the analysis a couple of indices to describe the degree and timing of time-dependent deformation are introduced with reference to the instantaneous elastic deformation, and their effects on the amount of deformation and support pressure subsequent to the support erection are investigated.



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