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Report No.

Development and verification of a reactive transport model for long-term alteration of bentonite-cement-seawater systems

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji ; Yamada, Fumika; Negishi, Kumi*; Hoshino, Seiichi; Mukai, Masayuki ; Tanaka, Tadao ; Nakayama, Shinichi 

It is important to assess long-term alteration of engineered barrier composed of bentonite and cement for the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal. In order to promote our development of the assessment methodologies, we developed a secondary mineral formation model for cement based materials and a hydraulic conductivity model for bentonite buffer materials. These models were verified by comparing with experimental observations. We also calculated changes in mineralogy of bentonite buffer materials and accompanying changes in the hydraulic conductivity over 10,000 y. We identified the temperature as an important factor dominating the alteration of the buffer. We also identified that the alteration is limited by slow kinetics of the dissolution of montmorillonite and by the diffusive mass transfer. Our calculation showed that the mineralogical change proceeds rather fast during the initial 1,000 y and slows down afterwards, and that salinity of the groundwater has both positive and negative effects on the hydraulic conductivity.



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