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Experimental study on breakup reaction of beryllium and carbon induced with 14-MeV neutrons based on emitted charged-particle measurements

Kondo, Keitaro; Murata, Isao*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Naoyoshi*; Konno, Chikara; Nishitani, Takeo

Beryllium and carbon are candidate materials of fusion reactors and the $$^{9}$$Be(n,2n+2$$alpha$$) and $$^{12}$$C(n,n'+3$$alpha$$) reactions are important from engineering requirements. In order to estimate double-differential cross sections (DDX) for emitted particles, we have to accurately grasp details of the reaction mechanism. Understanding of the reaction mechanism is also interesting from a viewpoint of nuclear physics. Recently we developed a new spectrometry system with a pencil-beam DT neutron source. Using the system, we carried out detailed measurements of DDX for $$alpha$$-particles emitted from beryllium and carbon. The reaction mechanism was investigated by a Monte Carlo calculation of DDX. For the $$^{9}$$Be(n,2n+2$$alpha$$) reaction, the result suggests importance of the contribution from the $$^{9}$$Be(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{6}$$He*(Ex$$geq$$1.8MeV) reaction. For the $$^{12}$$C(n,n'+3$$alpha$$) reaction, the contribution from the $$^{12}$$C(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{9}$$Be*(Ex$$geq$$2.43MeV) reaction was appeared and its ratio was investigated to explain the shape of DDX for neutrons in lower energy.

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