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Report No.

Startup of superheavy element chemistry at RIKEN

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Akiyama, Takahiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kuribayashi, Takahiro*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Sato, Nozomi*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Takabe, Tomomasa*; Tashiro, Yuki*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Yoneda, Akira*; Yoshimura, Takashi*

A review is given on the startup of the superheavy element (SHE) chemistry at RIKEN. A gas-jet transport system for the SHE chemistry has been coupled to the gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at the RIKEN Linear Accelerator. The performance of the system was appraised using $$^{206}$$Fr and $$^{245}$$Fm produced in the $$^{169}$$Tm($$^{40}$$Ar,3${it n}$)$$^{206}$$Fr and $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{40}$$Ar,3${it n}$)$$^{245}$$Fm reactions, respectively. The $$alpha$$ particles of $$^{206}$$Fr and $$^{245}$$Fm separated with GARIS and transported by the gas-jet were identified with a rotating wheel system for $$alpha$$ spectrometry under desired low background condition. The high gas-jet efficiencies over 80% were independent of the beam intensities up to 2 particle $$mu$$A. A gas-jet coupled target system for the production of SHEs was also installed on the beam line of the RIKEN K70 AVF cyclotron. The gas-jet transport of $$^{255}$$No and $$^{261}$$Rf produced in the $$^{238}$$U($$^{22}$$Ne,5${it n}$)$$^{255}$$No and $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5${it n}$)$$^{261}$$Rf reactions, respectively, was conducted for the future chemical studies of $$^{265}$$Sg via the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne, 5${it n}$)$$^{265}$$Sg reaction.



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