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Report No.

Corrosion study on cold crucible for pyrochemical reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel

Takeuchi, Masayuki ; Arai, Yoichi  ; Kase, Takeshi ; Koizumi, Tsutomu

Pyrochemical reprocessing methods using molten salt for spent nuclear fuel have been studied in the world, because of advantage over the nuclear weapons proliferation and cost benefit. However, electrowinning process, which is one of the processes in pyrochemical reprocessing method, includes severe corrosion environment. In this study, the efficacy of cold crucible in electrowinning process was experimentally discussed. We carried out the corrosion test of several metals in molten 2CsCl-NaCl with corrosive gases at 923 K to investigate the relationship between material temperature controlled by air cool and corrosion rate. As results, the corrosion rate of hastelloy alloy was less than 0.1 mm/y by cooling the material surface at 473 K and corresponds to 1/1000 of that at 923 K. In such way, the cold crucible gives the extreme improvement of corrosion, and this result gave promising prospect to solve the corrosion problem in electrowinning process.



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