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Radiation safety aspects in J-PARC facility

J-PARC施設の放射線安全

柴田 徳思; 中島 宏; 中根 佳弘 ; 増川 史洋 ; 松田 規宏 ; 三浦 太一*; 沼尻 正晴*; 鈴木 健訓*; 竹内 康紀*

Shibata, Tokushi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Miura, Taichi*; Numajiri, Masaharu*; Suzuki, Takenori*; Takeuchi, Yasunori*

J-PARCは400MeVLNAC, 3GeVシンクロトロン,50GeVシンクロトロンと物質生命,ハドロン,ニュートリノの3つの実験施設から構成される。J-PARCの放射線安全設計は遮へいの外側,管理区域の境界,事業所の境界に置ける線量計算に基づいてる。異なる計算法の精度の確認のためビームダンプ,遮へい,漏洩,放射化について解析した。空気の放射化,冷却水の放射化,土の放射化と地下水への影響も評価した。J-PARCは複合加速器なので、インターロックシステムは放射線安全上重要である。計画外被ばくを避けるために注意深く設計されたインターロックシステムを組み込んだ。

J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) consists of a 400 MeV LINAC, a 3 GeV synchrotron, a 50 GeV synchrotron and three experimental halls for material and life science, hadron physics and neutrino physics. The radiation safety design for J-PARC is based on calculations on radiation outside the shielding, on the boundary of the controlled area and on the cite boundary. In order to study the accuracy of different methods and make clear the differences among different methods, some benchmark analyses on beam dump, bulk shielding, streaming and activation experiments were carried out. The activation of air, cooling water and the activation of soil and its effect to underground water have been also estimated. Since J-PARC is a complex accelerator facility, an interlock system is important for radiation safety. To prevent unintended radiation exposure, a carefully designed system was incorporated.

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