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高エネルギー放射光白色X線を用いた材料内部ひずみ測定

Measurement of internal strain in materials using high energy synchrotron radiation white X-rays

柴野 純一*; 菖蒲 敬久; 鈴木 賢治*; 平田 智之*; 金子 洋; 小林 道明*

Shibano, Junichi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Suzuki, Kenji*; Hirata, Tomoyuki*; Kaneko, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Michiaki*

高エネルギー白色X線を用いた応力測定技術開発を原子力機構専用ビームラインを用いて行った。鉄鋼材の1つであるWEL-TEN780E(JIS G3128 SHY685)に負荷ひずみを加えた状態で内部ひずみをエネルギー分散法により測定した結果、マクロひずみとほぼ同等なひずみを求めることに成功した。特に本手法では、50$$mu$$m程度の微小領域のひずみを求めることができることから、今後き裂先端などの局所ひずみを求めるなどの応用が期待される。

This paper presents a basic research on a measurement of strain in the bulk of materials by using high energy white X-rays from a synchrotron radiation source of SPring-8. WEL-TEN780E (JIS G3128 SHY685) whose grain size was 0.013 mm was used as a specimen. The specimen was loaded with four point bending. The white X-ray beam, which has a height of 0.05 mm and width of 0.03 mm, was incident in it. Bending strain at the surface of specimen was measured by a strain gauge. The internal strain of SHY685 of 5 mm thickness could be evaluated using white X-rays which range of energy from 60 keV to 150 keV. Furthermore, the measurement error of strain could be decreased by using the diffracted X-rays with high energy, high peak count and the profile which is close to Gaussian curve. The results showed that the high energy white X-ray is effective for internal strain measurements.

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