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Report No.

Energetic heavy ions overcome tumor radioresistance caused by overexpression of Bcl-2

Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Hara, Takamitsu*; Omura, Motoko*; Funayama, Tomoo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Sora, Sakura; Yokota, Yuichiro; Nakano, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Overexpression of Bcl-2 is frequent in human cancers and has been associated with the radioresistance. Here we investigated the potential impact of heavy ions on Bcl-2 overexpressing tumors. Bcl-2 cells (Bcl-2 overexpressing HeLa cells) and Neo cells (neomycin resistant gene-expressing HeLa cells) exposed to $$gamma$$-rays or heavy ions were assessed for the clonogenic survival, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution. Whereas Bcl-2 cells were more resistant to $$gamma$$-rays and helium ions (16.2 keV/$$mu$$m) than Neo cells, heavy ions (76.3-1610 keV/$$mu$$m) gave the comparable survival regardless of Bcl-2 overexpression. Carbon ions (108 keV/$$mu$$m) decreased the difference in the apoptotic incidence between Bcl-2 and Neo cells, and prolonged G$$_{2}$$/M arrest that occurred more extensively in Bcl-2 cells than in Neo cells. High-LET heavy ions overcome tumor radioresistance caused by Bcl-2 overexpression, which may be explained at least in part by the enhanced apoptotic response and prolonged G$$_{2}$$/M arrest. Thus, heavy-ion therapy may be a promising modality for Bcl-2 overexpressing radioresistant tumors.



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