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The Electronic structures of fullerene/transition-metal hybrid material

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Hirao, Norie*; Baba, Yuji ; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Sugai, Isamu; Takanashi, Koki; Maeda, Yoshihito

Recently, we have found the appearance of substantial MR ratio (80%) in a C$$_{60}$$/Co hybrid material. Such the MR ratio cannot be explained enough only by tunnel conduction through Co grains. Therefore, to obtain information about electronic structures of C$$_{60}$$/Co hybrid material is necessary. Absorption spectra of C$$_{60}$$Co are different from that of pristine C$$_{60}$$. In particular, peak intensity corresponding to $$pi$$ $$^*$$(LUMO) $$leftarrow$$ C 1s excitation of C$$_{60}$$Co is clearly attenuated. In addition, C 1s photoelectron peak of C$$_{60}$$Co slightly shifted to lower binding energy compared to that of pristine C$$_{60}$$. These results indicate that 3d electron of Co transfers to $$pi$$ $$^*$$ orbital of C$$_{60}$$ and new electronic states are formed in the C$$_{60}$$-Co compound. In fact, XPS spectra of valence excitation region also demonstrate the formation of hybrid orbital near the Fermi level due to the coupling of C$$_{60}$$ and Co.

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