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Concurrent transformation of Ce(III) and formation of biogenic manganese oxides

Onuki, Toshihiko; Ozaki, Takuo; Kozai, Naofumi; Nankawa, Takuya; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Sakai, Takuro; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Francis, A. J.*

We examined the changes in the chemical states of Ce(III) during the formation of manganese oxide occasioned by Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria. The oxidation states of Ce and Mn then were measured by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES). We also determined the elemental distributions in the bacteria and precipitates by Scanning-Proton Induced X-ray Emission (S-PIXE). We found that the precipitation of Ce is preceded by its accumulation by the bacterium, followed by its oxidization to Ce(IV) by the Mn(III, IV)-containing precipitates that the bacteria generate.

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Category:Geochemistry & Geophysics

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