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MOX燃料再処理における溶媒劣化; Pu精製工程における溶媒劣化とその影響

Study of solvent degradation in reprocessing MOX spent fuel; Solvent degradation and its effect on Pu purification cycle

川口 芳仁; 森本 和幸; 北尾 貴彦; 大山 孝一; 大森 栄一

Kawaguchi, Yoshihito; Morimoto, Kazuyuki; Kitao, Takahiko; Oyama, Koichi; Omori, Eiichi

東海再処理施設では、30% TBP/n-ドデカンを用いるピューレックス法を用いて、使用済燃料からウランやプルトニウムを抽出している。TBPはおもに、放射線,抽出されている元素,酸による加水分解によりDBP, MBPに劣化する。本研究では、DBP生成速度式の算出,MOX燃料再処理時の工程内DBP濃度の調査,20日間工程停止時の工程内DBP濃度の調査を実施した。その結果、DBP生成速度式(T=47.3W+0.05[Pu]+0.1)が算出され、また、MOX燃料処理時の工程内のDBP濃度は91ppm、20日間工程停止時のDBP濃度は2000ppmであったが、その後の工程運転には影響がなかった。

30% Tributyl phosphate (TBP)/n-dodecane is used on PUREX process in Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP). TBP is degraded to di-butyl phosphate (DBP), mono-butyl phosphate (MBP) etc. mainly caused by radiation, extracted element and hydrolysis. In this study, we studied TBP degradation kinetic equation, Pu concentration in high DBP concentration solution after stripping Pu from the solution by diluted HNO$$_{3}$$, DBP concentration in mixer-settler and effect for process while MOX spent fuel was reprocessed and operation was stopped with Pu loaded on solution for 20 days. As a result of this study, we obtained the equation of TBP degradation. Moreover, the maximum DBP concentration in mixer-settler while reprocessing MOX spent fuel was 91 ppm, DBP concentration while stopping operation was 2000 ppm and we found out there was nothing out of the ordinary on the process after the process was restarted.

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