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Report No.
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RELAP5 analysis of OECD/NEA ROSA Project experiment simulating a PWR small break LOCA with high-power natural circulation

Takeda, Takeshi ; Asaka, Hideaki*; Nakamura, Hideo 

OECD/NEA ROSA Project experiment with the Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF) in JAEA was conducted simulating a PWR 1% cold leg small break LOCA with an assumption of high-power natural circulation due to failure of scram and total failure of high pressure injection system. The core power curve for the LSTF experiment was obtained by PWR analysis with coupled three-dimensional kinetics and thermal-hydraulics code SKETCH-INS/TRAC-PF1. A post-test analysis was performed against the obtained data by using JAEA-modified RELAP5/MOD3.2.1.2 code to validate the code predictability. The JAEA-modified RELAP5/MOD3.2.1.2 code was used by incorporating a break model that employs maximum bounding flow theory with a discharge coefficient of 0.61 for two-phase break flow. In the experiment, flow in hot legs became supercritical during two-phase natural circulation, causing the hot leg liquid level to be quite low. Liquid accumulation in steam generator U-tube upflow-side took place during reflux condensation mode. The RELAP5 code predicted reasonably well the overall thermal-hydraulic phenomena observed in the experiment, while it overpredicted the break flow rate.

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