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Status and perspective of the Nb$$_{3}$$Al development

Takeuchi, Takao*; Kikuchi, Akihiro*; Banno, Nobuya*; Kitaguchi, Hitoshi*; Iijima, Yasuo*; Tagawa, Kohei*; Nakagawa, Kazuhiko*; Tsuchiya, Kiyosumi*; Mitsuda, Shiori*; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Okuno, Kiyoshi

Nb$$_{3}$$Al has advantages of better tolerance to strain/stress and a higher critical magnetic field (30 T at 4.2 K) for stoichiometric composition over Nb$$_{3}$$Sn. The rapid-heating, quenching and transformation annealing (RHQT) process enables to form a stoichiometric Nb$$_{3}$$Al with fine grain structures via metastable bcc supersaturated-solid-solution. As a result a large critical current density of Nb$$_{3}$$Al is achieved over the whole range of magnetic fields without trading off the excellent strain tolerance. A long-length of RHQ processing has been established, and a rectangular but Cu stabilized Nb$$_{3}$$Al strand is about be commercially available for NMR uses. Ag or Cu internal stabilization and Cu ion-plating/electroplating techniques have been also developed to enable the stabilized round wire for accelerator and fusion magnets. Successfully energized test coils that were manufactured with a wind-and-react technique have demonstrated that a long piece of Cu stabilized RHQT Nb$$_{3}$$Al wire is really available for practical applications.

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Category:Thermodynamics

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