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Quantum phase transitions of the asymmetric three-leg spin tube

Sakai, Toru; Sato, Masahiro*; Okunishi, Koichi*; Otsuka, Yuichi*; Okamoto, Kiyomi*; Itoi, Chigaku*

We investigate quantum phase transitions of the S = $$frac{1}{2}$$ three-leg antiferromagnetic spin tube with asymmetric inter-chain (rung) exchange interactions. On the basis of the electron tube system, we propose a useful effective theory to give the global phase diagram of the asymmetric spin tube. In addition, using other effective theories we raise the reliability of the phase diagram. The density-matrix renormalization-group and the numerical diagonalization analyses show that the finite spin gap appears in a narrow region around the rung-symmetric line.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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