検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

地下水流動に対する地質環境の長期的変遷の影響に関する研究(委託研究)

Study on the effects of long-term evolution of geological environment on groundwater flow (Contract research)

今井 久*; 山下 亮*; 塩崎 功*; 浦野 和彦*; 笠 博義*; 丸山 能生*; 新里 忠史; 前川 恵輔

Imai, Hisashi*; Yamashita, Ryo*; Shiozaki, Isao*; Urano, Kazuhiko*; Kasa, Hiroyoshi*; Maruyama, Yoshio*; Niizato, Tadafumi; Maekawa, Keisuke

地層処分システムの長期挙動予測の信頼性を向上させるためには、隆起・侵食や気候・海水準変動等の天然現象の影響を考慮した地下水流動のモデル化が重要である。このため、(1)天然現象の影響を組み入れた地下水流動解析手法の高度化,(2)現実的な地質構造や涵養量などを反映した地下水流動解析に基づき、(3)地下水流動に影響を及ぼす天然現象の感度解析を行った。(1)地下水流動への地質環境の長期変遷の影響を連続的にモデル化するシステムを考案した結果、課題であったモデル形状が変化する際の解の不連続性を低減できることを確認した。(2)地層の応力状態の変化による過剰間隙水圧の発生には間隙率や有効応力に対応した透水係数の設定が重要であること、氷期の涵養量の影響は丘陵部や沿岸域で見られること、塩分の密度差の影響は沿岸域で見られ、地下深部への淡水の侵入を抑制することが判明した。(3)断層の2種類の形状について透水係数に関する感度解析を実施したが、設定した条件では深度約500mまでの影響は顕著でないことを示した。

Evaluation of long-term geological evolution and its impact on groundwater flow is one of the major themes within the frame of Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. For the purpose of development of a groundwater flow modeling methodology considering the effects of long-term geological evolution, following three items were studied: (1) Upgrade of SMS (Sequential Modeling System of geo-environmental evolution impact on groundwater flow) which was developed in 2006 FY; (2) Groundwater flow simulation under more realistic conditions of geological structures and hydrogeological conditions; and (3) Sensitivity study of geo-environmental evolution impacts on groundwater flow. The studies showed following suggestive results. (1) Development of a precise time step setting enabled to narrow the gaps in simulated head between time steps in which the model configuration used to deformed. (2) Several aspects have been found from studies on impact factors such as deposition on pore pressure, recharge rate and difference in density of saline groundwater. For evaluation of pore pressure induced by deposition, it is necessary to model the porosity and permeability variation considering the exceed pore pressure change. The setting of recharge rate during the Ice Age influence the characteristics of groundwater flow in coastal and hilly areas. The density of groundwater is not so influential as topological potential factors, however it is effective for the characteristics of groundwater flow in coastal area and intrusion of recharge water from ground surface. (3) The sensitivity study on faulting characteristics indicated that the two types of fault configuration and the hydraulic conductivity setting considered are not influential on the nature of groundwater flow above the depth of 500 m.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.