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Report No.

Numerical analysis and simulation of behavior of high burnup PWR fuel pulse-irradiated in reactivity-initiated accident conditions

Suzuki, Motoe; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki ; Udagawa, Yutaka  ; Nagase, Fumihisa ; Fuketa, Toyoshi

The fuel behavior during the fast transients in the two cases of NSRR experiments using high burnup PWR fuel rods are analyzed by using the RANNS code. In one case, cladding failure occurred whereas in the other case the rod survived but gave rise to departure from nucleate boiling. The analytical results are compared with the metallographic observations of failed part of the cladding to discuss the failure-determining condition in terms of incipient crack depth, temperature and stress at the depth. Based on these evaluations, sensitivity study with respect to the effect of initial temperature on the stress/strain of cladding is conducted. In addition, simulations are performed in commercial reactor conditions. The results were compared with each other and failure capability of cladding is discussed.



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