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Resonant magnetic X-ray diffraction study on the successive metamagnetic transitions of TbB$$_4$$ up to 30T

Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Ouyang, Z. W.*; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*; Matsumura, Takeshi*; Okuyama, Daisuke*; Murakami, Yoichi*

Quite recently, successive metamagnetic transitions between 16T and 28T were reported on the rare-earth tetraboride TbB$$_4$$. Considerable attentions have been attracted on this peculiar bahavior. Recently, X-ray diffraction experiments under pulsed high magnetic field have been developed at several places. In order to examine the magnetic structures at high magnetic fields, we applied this technique to TbB$$_4$$. Small magnetic X-ray scattering cross section was overcome by utilizing resonance enhancement. The obtained field, polarization, and scattering angle dependence of magnetic reflections indicates that magnetic moments perpendicular to the magnetic field exist in the high-field plateau phases. This result is inconsistent with normalfractional magnetization plateau phases that posses only magnetic moments parallel or antiparallel to the field. In order to resolve this discrepancy, we propose magnetic structures that consist of Ising spins and XY spins.

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