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Thermalconductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N solid solutions

ネプツニウム・アメリシウム及びプルトニウム・アメリシウム窒化物固溶体の熱伝導率

西 剛史; 高野 公秀 ; 伊藤 昭憲; 宮田 精一; 赤堀 光雄; 荒井 康夫; 湊 和生 

Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Takano, Masahide; Ito, Akinori; Miyata, Seiichi; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Minato, Kazuo

(Np,Am)N及び(Pu,Am)N固溶体の熱拡散率及び比熱をレーザフラッシュ法及び投下型熱量法により測定し、熱拡散率,比熱,試料密度の実測値から(Np,Am)N及び(Pu,Am)Nの熱伝導率を求めた。その結果、(Np,Am)N及び(Pu,Am)Nの熱伝導率は温度とともに増加することが明らかとなった。この熱伝導率の増加は電子的寄与の増加によるものと考えられる。また、(Np,Am)N及び(Pu,Am)Nの熱伝導率はAmの濃度増加とともに減少することが明らかとなった。このような熱伝導率の組成依存性を示すのは熱伝導の電子的寄与の低下によるものと考えられる。

The thermal diffusivities and heat capacities of transuranium nitride solid solutions, (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N, were measured by using a laser flash method and a drop calorimetry, respectively. The thermal conductivities of these samples were determined from the measured thermal diffusivities, heat capacities and bulk densities. The thermal conductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N increased with temperature over the temperature range investigated. The increases in the thermal conductivities were probably due to the increase of electrical components. In addition, the thermal conductivities of (Np,Am)N and (Pu,Am)N decreased with increasing Am contents. It could be considered that the decreases in the thermal conductivities correspond to the lowering of electronic contribution.

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