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Selective separation of heat-generating nuclide by silica gels loaded with ammonium molybdophosphate; Adv.-ORIENT cycle development

Endo, Yusuke*; Wu, Y.*; Mimura, Hitoshi*; Niibori, Yuichi*; Koyama, Shinichi ; Onishi, Takashi ; Obayashi, Hiroshi ; Yamagishi, Isao ; Ozawa, Masaki

The separation of heat-generating nuclide (Cs) from high-level liquid wastes is important in relation to the waste volume reduction. The present paper deals with the preparation of Cs-selective ion-exchangers (silica gels loaded with ammonium molybdophosphate, AMP-SG), uptake properties and characterization. The AMP-SG exhibited large distribution coefficient above 10$$^{3}$$ cm$$^{3}$$/g for Cs even in the 2-3 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solution. The uptake isotherm of Cs followed a Langmuir-type equation, and the maximum Cs capacity was 0.24 mmol/g. The breakthrough curves of Cs had S-shaped profile, and the 94% of Cs adsorbed on the AMP-SG column was eluted with 5 M NH$$_{4}$$NO$$_{3}$$ - 1 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solution. The eluent containing ammonium salt is suitable for both the recovery of Cs and the regeneration of AMP-SG. The precise chromatographic separation of Cs and Rb was also accomplished by using mixed solutions of NH$$_{4}$$NO$$_{3}$$ and HNO$$_{3}$$.

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