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Report No.

Fuel pin behavior under slow ramp-type transient-overpower conditions in the CABRI-FAST experiments

Fukano, Yoshitaka  ; Onoda, Yuichi ; Sato, Ikken ; Charpenel, J.*

In the CABRI-FAST experimental program, four in-pile tests were performed with slow power-ramp-type transient-overpower conditions to study transient fuel pin behavior under inadvertent control rod withdrawal events in liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors. Annular-pellet fuel pins were used in three tests, while a solid-pellet fuel pin was used in the other test. All of these pins were pre-irradiated in Phenix. The slow TOP test with a solid-pellet fuel pin was realized as a comparatory test against an existing test (E12) in the CABRI-2 program. In the CABRI-FAST test (BCF1), a power ramp rate of 3%Po/s was applied, while in the CABRI-2 test, 1%Po/s was adopted. In spite of the different power ramp rates, evaluated fuel thermal conditions at the observed failure time are quite similar. The continued overpower condition in the BCF1 test resulted in gradual degradation of the pin structure providing information effective for evaluation of various accident scenarios. Three slow TOP tests with the annular fuel in the CABRI-FAST program resulted in no pin failure showing high failure threshold. These CABRI FAST slow TOP tests, in combination with the existing CABRI and TREAT tests, provided an extended slow TOP test database with various fuel and transient conditions.



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